Disc Replacement is also called Intervertebral Disc Arthroplasty. It is an alternative that was developed to reduce the complications caused during a Spinal Fusion Procedure. It is mainly carried out on apatient with degenerated intervertebral discs. A lot of regulations have been laid out in thecase of the material and type of discs being usedin order to replace the damaged vertebrae. In the United States of America, four artificial discs have been approved by the FDA.A potential risk of apremature breakdown in the adjacent levels of the spine which is high if a Spine Fusion Surgeryis undertaken can be negated with the help of Artificial Disc Replacement or Total Disc Replacement.
The process of Intervertebral Disc Arthroplastyinvolves places an artificial disc in place of the damaged disc in your vertebral column. This method of corrective surgery is slowly gaining popularity as the conventional process of Spinal Fusion Surgery has a lot of drawbacks and causes a lot of complications in the health of the patient.
Types of Disc Replacement Surgeries
Depending on the region and the part of the vertebrae that needs to be replaced the surgeries categorized. Also, the material from which the artificial disc is made is also an important factor. Things can get a bit complicated with Spinal Fusion Surgeries; the bones might not fuse correctly or may take a long time to heal, the probability of something like this happening after the procedure is quite less in thecase of Intervertebral Disc Arthroplasty.
Recovery after the surgery
The recovery stage includes undergoing rehabilitation to regain the lost strength and the muscles around the spine to get stronger. Also taking analgesics in order to relieve the acute pain that might occur after the procedure is inevitable and is usually prescribed by the surgeons.